Level of Work & Grouping: TTP's to establish the vertical and functional groupings of work to enable communication; eliminate "compressions and gaps"; and reduce complexity of interactions.
The overall rule for structure requires the manager to structure the vertical and functional role relationships to enable a cross-functional flow of products/services.
Jaques, Elliott. Requisite Organization: A Total System for Effective Organization and Managerial Leadership for the 21st Century. Cason Hall & Co. FL. 2013.
Clement, Stephen D. & Clement, Christopher R. It's All About Work: Organizing Your Company to Get Work Done. Organizational Design Inc. The Woodlands, TX. 2013.
Capelle, Ronald G. Optimizing Organization Design. Jossey-Bass. San Francisco, CA. 2014.